Nipah virus infection

Grey-headed flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus) Photo by Chi Liu Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India.

NiV infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis. NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals. There is no vaccine for either hum…

Signs of Dehydration

Dehydration becomes quite evident. You may begin to feel the following, Dry tongue & mouth
Flushing of skin
Fatigue, extreme tiredness
Loss of appetite
Intolerance towards heat
Excessive thirst
Urine turning dark
Dry cough

How to Avoid Dehydration

The ideal way to avoid dehydration is to drink fluids before getting thirsty. Thirst is usually a late sign dehydrated and should not be waited for. To avoid dehydration in summer, people who are planning for heavy physical activity outdoors should drink minimum 1.5 litres of water 2 hours before the activity. After the activity, they should again consume enough fluids. If diarrhoea and vomiting are observed, immediate check is needed. Fluid replacement may be needed, oral or through IV line.

How Positive Thinking Builds Boosts Your Health

How Positive Thinking Builds Boosts Your Health

Researchers continue to explore the effects of positive thinking and optimism on health. Health benefits that positive thinking may provide include: ·Increased life span ·Lower rates of depression ·Lower levels of distress ·Greater resistance to the common cold ·Better psychological and physical well-being ·Better cardiovascular health and reduced risk of death from cardiovascular disease ·Better coping skills during hardships and times of stress It's unclear why people who engage in positive thinking experience these health benefits. One theory is that having a positive outlook enables you to cope better with stressful situations, which reduces the harmful health effects of stress on your body. It's also thought that positive and optimistic people tend to live healthier lifestyles — they get more physical activity, follow a healthier diet, and don't smoke or drink alcohol in excess.
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Dr Sameer Gupta : चलने में पिंडलियों में हो दर्द तो हो सकती है यह बीमारी


Hypertension and Its Causes (High BP)

High blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) is when your blood pressure, the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels, is consistently too high.